India's Export-Import Trends

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India's Export-Import Trends

India’s Services exports for the first time achieve the targeted $ 250 Billion during April-March 2021-22, exhibiting a positive growth of 21.31 per cent over the fiscal 2020-21

India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services) touch an all-time high of USD 669.65 Billion in April-March 2021-22, jumping by 34.50 per cent over the same period last year

“Services sector achieved the all-time high despite Services like Tourism, Aviation and Hospitality industry being severely affected due to the Covid-19 pandemic”: Shri Piyush Goyal

India’s exports grow by 15.51 per cent in March 2022 to USD 64.75 Billion over same period last year

INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE: March 2022

 

Posted On: 13 APR 2022 8:22PM by PIB Delhi
 

India’s Services exports for the first time achieved the targeted $ 250 Billion during April-March 2021-22*, exhibiting a positive growth of 21.31 per cent over the fiscal 2020-21. For the month of March 2022, the estimated value of Services export is USD 22.52 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 8.31 per cent vis-a-vis March 2021.

 

India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services) touched an all-time high of USD 669.65 Billion in April-March 2021-22, jumping by 34.50 per cent over the same period last year. For the last month, March 2022, India’s exports grew by 15.51 per cent in March 2022 to USD 64.75 Billion over the same period last year.

 

Addressing a press conference here today, the Minister of Commerce and Industry, Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution and Textiles, Shri Piyush Goyal said India has achieved this exports high despite the slowdown in economy worldwide due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the recent geopolitical developments in Europe.

 

“Services sector has achieved the all-time high despite Services like Tourism, Aviation and Hospitality industry being severely affected due to the Covid-19 pandemic,” he said.

 

Shri Goyal said India has been able to exceed the overall exports target of $ 650 Billion due to the visionary leadership of the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi that we turn India into an export focussed economy. “The PM himself conducted meetings with India’s 180 missions abroad. Hectic parleys were held with the Export Promotion Councils and then the bar was set high, and yet doable,” he said.

 

Shri Goyal said if we have to make India a developed nation, we will have to increase our international engagement. Government has struck vital trade deals with the UAE and Australia towards this end, he said, adding more FTAs and Comprehensive Trade Agreements are in the works with the EU, UK, Canada and Israel.

 

“Starting from ‘whole of the Government’ approach, today ‘Whole of the Nation’ has joined hands to make India emerge as a trusted partner at the international level, dedicating itself to turn into an economy that provides quality goods and services to the world,” he said.

 

Following are details of India’s Trade Data statistics:

 

  • India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services combined) in April-March 2021-22* are estimated to be USD 669.65 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 34.50 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 27.18 per cent over April-March 2019-20. Overall imports in April-March 2021-22* are estimated to be USD 756.68 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 47.80 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 25.49 per cent over April-March 2019-20.

Table 2: Trade during April-March 2021-22*

 

 

April-March 2021-22

(USD Billion)

April-March 2020-21

(USD Billion)

April-March 2019-20

(USD Billion)

Growth vis-à-vis April-March 2020-21 (%)

Growth vis-à-vis April-March 2019-20 (%)

Merchandise

Exports

419.65

291.81

313.36

43.81

33.92

Imports

611.89

394.44

474.71

55.13

28.90

Trade Balance

-192.24

-102.63

-161.35

-87.32

-19.15

Services*

Exports

250.00

206.09

213.19

21.31

17.27

Imports

144.79

117.52

128.27

23.20

12.88

Net of Services

105.21

88.57

84.92

18.80

23.89

Overall Trade (Merchandise+

Services)*

Exports

669.65

497.90

526.55

34.50

27.18

Imports

756.68

511.96

602.98

47.80

25.49

Trade Balance

-87.03

-14.06

-76.43

-518.87

-13.87

* Note: The latest data for services sector released by RBI is for February 2022. The data for March 2022 is an estimation, which will be revised based on RBI’s subsequent release. (ii) Data for 2019, 2020 and April to December 2021 are revised on pro-rata basis using quarterly balance of payments data.

Fig 2: Overall Trade during April-March 2022*

  • India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services combined) in March 2022* are estimated to be USD 64.75 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 15.51 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 65.80 per cent over March 2020. Overall imports in March 2022* are estimated to be USD 73.90 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 20.83 per cent over the same period last year and a positive growth of 77.82 per cent over March 2020.

Table 1: Trade during March 2022*

 

 

March 2022

(USD Billion)

March 2021

(USD Billion)

March 2020

(USD Billion)

Growth vis-à-vis March 2021 (%)

Growth vis-à-vis March 2020 (%)

Merchandise

Exports

42.22

35.26

21.49

19.76

96.48

Imports

60.74

48.90

31.47

24.21

93.00

Trade Balance

-18.51

-13.64

-9.98

-35.72

-85.51

Services*

Exports

22.52

20.80

17.56

8.31

28.25

Imports

13.16

12.26

10.09

7.33

30.46

Net of Services

9.36

8.53

7.47

9.71

25.28

Overall Trade (Merchandise+

Services)*

Exports

64.75

56.05

39.05

15.51

65.80

Imports

73.90

61.16

41.56

20.83

77.82

Trade Balance

-9.15

-5.11

-2.51

-79.18

-265.14

* Note: The latest data for services sector released by RBI is for February 2022. The data for March 2022 is an estimation, which will be revised based on RBI’s subsequent release. (ii) Data for 2019, 2020 and April to December 2021 are revised on pro-rata basis using quarterly balance of payments data.

Fig 1: Overall Trade during March 2022*

MERCHANDISE TRADE

  • Merchandise exports in March 2022 were USD 42.22 Billion, as compared to USD 35.26 Billion in March 2021, exhibiting a positive growth of 19.76 per cent. As compared to March 2020, exports in March 2022 exhibited a positive growth of 96.48 per cent.
  • Merchandise imports in March 2022 were USD 60.74 Billion, which is an increase of 24.21 per cent over imports of USD 48.90 Billion in March 2021. Imports in March 2022 have registered a positive growth of 93.00 per cent in comparison to March 2020.
  • The merchandise trade balance for March 2022 was estimated at USD (-) 18.51 Billion as against USD (-) 13.64 Billion in March 2021, which is a decline of (-) 35.72 per cent. As compared to March 2020 (USD (-) 9.98 Billion), trade balance in March 2022 exhibited a negative growth of (-) 85.51 per cent.

 

Fig 3: Merchandise Trade during March 2022

  • Merchandise exports for the period April-March 2021-22 was USD 419.65 Billion as against USD 291.81 Billion during the period April-March 2020-21, registering a positive growth of 43.81 per cent. As compared to April-March 2019-20, exports in April-March 2021-22 exhibited a positive growth of 33.92 per cent.
  • Merchandise imports for the period April-March 2021-22 was USD 611.89 Billion as against USD 394.44 Billion during the period April-March 2020-21, registering a positive growth of 55.13 per cent. Imports in April-March 2021-22 have registered a positive growth of 28.90 per cent in comparison to April-March 2019-20.
  • The merchandise trade balance for April-March 2021-22 was estimated at USD (-) 192.24 Billion as against USD (-) 102.63 Billion in April-March 2020-21, which is a decline of (-) 87.32 per cent. As compared to April-March 2019-20 (USD (-) 161.35 Billion), trade balance in April-March 2021-22 exhibited a negative growth of (-) 19.15 per cent.

Fig 4: Merchandise Trade during April-March 2021-22

  • Non-petroleum and non-gems & jewellery exports in March 2022 were USD 30.67 Billion, registering a positive growth of 9.40 per cent over non-petroleum and non-gems & jewellery exports of USD 28.03 Billion in March 2021 and a positive growth of 80.90 per cent over non-petroleum and non-gems & jewellery exports of USD 16.95 Billion in March 2020.
  • Non-petroleum, non-gems & jewellery (gold, silver & precious metals) imports were USD 37.35 Billion in March 2022 with a positive growth of 35.44 per cent over Non-petroleum, non-gems & jewellery imports of USD 27.58 Billion in March 2021 and a positive growth of 99.77 per cent over Non-petroleum, non-gems & jewellery imports of USD 18.70 Billion in March 2020.

 

Table 3: Trade excluding Petroleum and Gems & Jewellery during March 2022

 

March 2022

(USD Billion)

March 2021

(USD Billion)

March 2020

(USD Billion)

Growth vis-à-vis March 2021 (%)

Growth vis-à-vis March 2020 (%)

Non- petroleum exports

34.45

31.65

18.97

8.85

81.57

Non- petroleum imports

41.95

38.63

21.42

8.59

95.79

Non-petroleum & Non Gems & Jewellery exports

30.67

28.03

16.95

9.40

80.90

Non-petroleum & Non Gems & Jewellery imports*

37.35

27.58

18.70

35.44

99.77

Note: Gems & Jewellery Imports include Gold, Silver & Pearls, precious & Semi-precious stones

Fig 5: Trade excluding Petroleum and Gems & Jewellery during March 2022

 

  • Non-petroleum and non-gems & jewellery exports during April-March 2021-22 was USD 315.11 Billion, an increase of 31.31 per cent over non-petroleum and non-gems & jewellery exports of USD 239.98 Billion in April-March 2020-21 and an increase of 33.42 per cent over non-petroleum and non-gems & jewellery exports of USD 236.17 Billion in April-March 2019-20.
  • Non-petroleum, non-gems & jewellery (gold, silver & precious metals) imports were USD 370.36 Billion in April-March 2021-22, recording a positive growth of 43.85 per cent, as compared to Non-petroleum, non-gems & jewellery imports of USD 257.47 Billion in April-March 2020-21 and a positive growth of 27.38 per cent over USD 290.74 Billion in April-March 2019-20.

Table 4: Trade excluding Petroleum and Gems & Jewellery during April-March 2021-22

 

April-March 2021-22

(USD Billion)

April-March 2020-21

(USD Billion)

April-March 2019-20

(USD Billion)

Growth vis-à-vis April-March 2020-21 (%)

Growth vis-à-vis April-March 2019-20 (%)

Non- petroleum exports

354.21

266.00

272.07

33.16

30.19

Non- petroleum imports

450.82

311.75

344.16

44.61

30.99

Non-petroleum & Non Gems & Jewellery exports

315.11

239.98

236.17

31.31

33.42

Non-petroleum & Non Gems & Jewellery imports*

370.36

257.47

290.74

43.85

27.38

Note: Gems & Jewellery Imports include Gold, Silver & Pearls, precious & Semi-precious stones

 

 

Fig 6: Trade excluding Petroleum and Gems & Jewellery during April-March 2021-22

SERVICES TRADE

  • The estimated value of services export for March 2022* is USD 22.52 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 8.31 per cent vis-a-vis March 2021 (USD 20.80 Billion) and a positive growth of 28.25 per cent vis-à-vis March 2020 (USD 17.56 Billion).
  • The estimated value of services import for March 2022* is USD 13.16 Billion exhibiting a positive growth of 7.33 per cent vis-à-vis March 2021 (USD 12.26 Billion) and a positive growth of 30.46 per cent vis-à-vis March 2020 (USD 10.09 Billion).
  • The services trade balance in March 2022* is estimated at USD 9.36 Billion, which is an increase of 9.71 per cent over March 2021 (USD 8.53 Billion) and an increase of 25.28 per cent over March 2020 (USD 7.47 Billion).

Fig 7: Services Trade during March 2022*

  • The estimated value of services export for April-March 2021-22* is USD 250.00 Billion, exhibiting a positive growth of 21.31 per cent vis-a-vis April-March 2020-21 (USD 206.09 Billion) and a positive growth of 17.27 per cent vis-à-vis April-March 2019-20 (USD 213.19 Billion).
  • The estimated value of services imports for April-March 2021-22* is USD 144.79 Billion exhibiting a positive growth of 23.20 per cent vis-à-vis April-March 2020-21 (USD 117.52 Billion) and a positive growth of 12.88 per cent vis-à-vis April-March 2019-20 (USD 128.27 Billion).
  • The services trade balance for April-March 2021-22* was estimated at USD 105.21 Billion as against USD 88.57 Billion in April-March 2020-21, which is an increase of 18.80 per cent. As compared to April-March 2019-20 (USD 84.92 Billion), net of services in April-March 2021-22* exhibited a positive growth of 23.89 per cent.

 

Fig 8: Services Trade during April-March 2021-22*

 

Table 5: Export Growth in Commodity Groups in March 2022

Sl. No.

Commodities

(Values in Million USD)

% Change

MAR'21

MAR'22

MAR'22

 

Commodity groups exhibiting positive growth

1

Petroleum Products

3609.36

7775.16

115.42

2

Leather & leather products

317.79

413.11

29.99

3

Electronic Goods

1400.67

1818.42

29.82

4

Cereal preparations & miscellaneous processed items

191.60

242.02

26.32

5

Other cereals

78.80

97.04

23.15

6

RMG of all Textiles

1425.95

1740.35

22.05

7

Organic & Inorganic Chemicals

2288.87

2793.18

22.03

8

Cotton Yarn/Fabs./made-ups, Handloom Products etc.

1105.05

1342.97

21.53

9

Plastic & Linoleum

719.54

850.71

18.23

10

Coffee

97.41

114.70

17.75

11

Engineering Goods

9298.36

10877.53

16.98

12

Man-made Yarn/Fabs./made-ups etc.

459.94

527.69

14.73

13

Jute Mfg. including Floor Covering

44.48

49.29

10.82

14

Tea

53.38

58.27

9.16

15

Marine Products

554.25

598.23

7.93

16

Meat, dairy & poultry products

345.05

368.68

6.85

17

Gems & Jewellery

3613.01

3779.52

4.61

18

Ceramic products & glassware

323.45

337.79

4.43

19

Drugs & Pharmaceuticals

2295.05

2391.41

4.20

20

Tobacco

85.62

86.42

0.93

Sl. No.

Commodities

(Values in Million USD)

% Change

MAR'21

MAR'22

MAR'22

 

Commodity Groups exhibiting negative growth

21

Iron Ore

720.88

339.83

-52.86

22

Oil Meals

193.91

101.00

-47.91

23

Mica, Coal & Other Ores, Minerals including processed minerals

952.95

569.88

-40.20

24

Oil seeds

107.67

87.56

-18.68

25

Spices

447.78

388.16

-13.31

26

Rice

1116.54

1023.33

-8.35

27

Handicrafts excl. hand made carpet

176.71

174.26

-1.39

28

Carpet

157.17

155.09

-1.32

29

Fruits & Vegetables

377.10

372.72

-1.16

30

Cashew

40.44

40.09

-0.87

 

Table 6: Import Growth in Commodity Groups in March 2022

Sl. No.

Commodities

(Values in Million USD)

% Change

MAR'21

MAR'22

MAR'22

 

Commodity Groups exhibiting positive growth

1

Silver

9.85

124.98

1168.83

2

Fertilisers, Crude & manufactured

204.16

1656.78

711.51

3

Coal, Coke & Briquettes, etc.

1735.74

4594.32

164.69

4

Pulses

77.28

142.84

84.83

5

Petroleum, Crude & products

10271.38

18793.68

82.97

6

Medicinal & Pharmaceutical products

630.08

1148.93

82.35

7

 Vegetable Oil

1076.81

1734.60

61.09

8

Pulp and Waste paper

91.38

146.03

59.81

9

Newsprint

17.54

27.74

58.15

10

Cotton Raw & Waste

40.42

61.97

53.32

11

Electronic goods

5864.15

8530.46

45.47

12

Pearls, precious & Semi-precious stones

2547.27

3428.31

34.59

13

Organic & Inorganic Chemicals

2102.57

2792.15

32.80

14

Metaliferrous ores & other minerals

455.83

586.51

28.67

15

Leather & leather products

69.35

81.49

17.51

16

Fruits & vegetables

185.43

217.48

17.28

17

Iron & Steel

1328.44

1493.30

12.41

18

Non-ferrous metals

1400.11

1572.58

12.32

19

Artificial resins, plastic materials, etc.

1719.92

1928.57

12.13

20

Sulphur & Unroasted Iron Pyrites

27.82

29.59

6.36

21

Wood &  Wood products

526.99

546.00

3.61

22

Machinery, electrical & non-electrical

3513.68

3546.06

0.92

Sl. No.

Commodities

(Values in Million USD)

% Change

MAR'21

MAR'22

MAR'22

 

Commodity Groups exhibiting negative growth

23

Gold

8493.69

1041.17

-87.74

24

Project goods

66.10

45.85

-30.64

25

Dyeing/tanning/colouring materials.

385.55

342.36

-11.20

26

Machine tools

355.36

325.05

-8.53

27

Transport equipment

2210.75

2032.72

-8.05

28

Professional instrument, Optical goods, etc.

560.18

532.08

-5.02

29

Textile yarn Fabric, made-up articles

167.98

163.41

-2.72

30

Chemical material & products

914.21

909.74

-0.49

 

Table 7: MERCHANDISE TRADE

 

EXPORTS & IMPORTS: (Rs. Crore)

(PROVISIONAL)

 

MARCH

APRIL-MARCH

EXPORTS(including re-exports)

 

 

2019-20

1,59,784.62

22,19,854.18

2020-21

2,56,642.68

21,59,043.22

2021-22

3,21,934.84

31,29,096.20

%Growth 2021-22/ 2020-21

25.44

44.93

%Growth 2021-22/ 2019-20

101.48

40.96

IMPORTS

 

 

2019-20

2,33,988.47

33,60,954.46

2020-21

3,55,948.52

29,15,957.70

2021-22

4,63,100.32

45,63,803.96

%Growth 2021-22/ 2020-21

30.10

56.51

%Growth 2021-22/ 2019-20

97.92

35.79

TRADE BALANCE

 

 

2019-20

-74,203.85

-11,41,100.28

2020-21

-99,305.84

-7,56,914.48

2021-22

-1,41,165.48

-14,34,707.75

 

Table 8: SERVICES TRADE

EXPORTS & IMPORTS (SERVICES) : (US $ Billion)

 

(PROVISIONAL)

February 2022

April-

February 2021-22

EXPORTS (Receipts)

21.25

227.48

IMPORTS (Payments)

12.95

131.62

TRADE BALANCE

8.30

95.85

 

 

 

EXPORTS & IMPORTS (SERVICES): (Rs. Crore)

 

(PROVISIONAL)

February 2022

April-

February 2021-22

EXPORTS (Receipts)

1,59,381.59

16,91,958.35

IMPORTS (Payments)

97,159.02

9,79,163.99

TRADE BALANCE

62,222.57

7,12,794.35

Source: RBI Press Release dated 1st April 2022